German Samoa

Whanganui First Contingent – Off to War


1802.3731On 5 August 1914 the Governor, Lord Liverpool, announced from the steps of Parliament to a crowd of more than 12,000 people that New Zealand was at war. Most New Zealanders then regarded themselves as British and Britain as home, so there was little hesitation in supporting the Mother Country in its moment of crisis.

The first request for support from “home” came sooner than many thought. On 7 August the New Zealand Government received a coded message from the British Government requesting that they capture the German wireless station in Samoa.

On 10 August 1914 twenty-five members of the New Zealand Railway Corps left Whanganui by train at noon for Wellington. Comparatively few Whanganui citizens were aware of their departure and consequently not many people were at the station to see them off.

The first draft for the Wellington Regt NZEF to leave Wanganui, 12th August 1914.

The first draft for the Wellington Regt NZEF to leave Wanganui, 12th August 1914.

The following day, however, the grim realities of war were brought home to these Whanganui men. When the Auckland troop train arrived in Wellington several of the carriages contained German prisoners who had been arrested in the north. There were guards with fixed bayonets to see that no attempt was made by the thirty-two captives to regain their liberty. Double lines from the ranks of the Railway Corps were drawn up on the platform, with fixed bayonets, and under a strong escort, the Germans were taken to the Alexandra Barracks. The scene as they were marched through the streets of Wellington was an impressive one, and the spectators realised that it was no superficial formality, but the stern custom of war that was being complied with.

The flag of German Samoa, taken by New Zealand Armed Forces in Samoa in August 1914.

The flag of German Samoa, taken by New Zealand Armed Forces in Samoa in August 1914.

Within a month of the declaration of war a New Zealand force had captured Western Samoa from Germany. The Union Jack was raised at Apia by New Zealand soldiers at 8.00am on 30 August 1914, the morning after the occupation. The capture was strategically important because there was a radio transmitter in the hills behind Apia capable of sending signals to Berlin and to the German fleet in the Pacific. The New Zealanders’ conquest was a peaceful affair, but it was marred by some disorder when New Zealand soldiers ransacked the liquor store at Aggie Grey’s Hotel in Apia.


Images of a Museum Collection – Part I

In this first part of a two-part series, Collections Assistant Kathy Greensides talks about part of her role as Museum Photographer and the kinds of things she does on a daily basis.  Tune in next week for Part II…

As museum photographer I am often asked what kind of things do I photograph? As well as photographing exhibitions for security records, exhibition openings and staff members for our website, one of the things I love about my job is to photograph collection items, new acquisitions that have been accepted for the collection and also back cataloguing of items accepted in the past but not photographed. Every object we accept must be catalogued in detail and having a photograph to add to the collection record gives anyone looking for an object a detailed image.

I thought I would write about some of the things I get to work with on a day to day basis. I never know from one day to the next what I will be photographing, and what follows is a small selection of some of my favourite images.

We recently dismantled some large bird dioramas to make way for our up and coming moa exhibition opening this year. There were over 100 birds to photograph so this presented somewhat of a challenge, one of them being getting them to sit upright so I could get a good image!


Wilson's Bird of Paradise

Wilson’s Bird of Paradise

Southern royal albatross

Southern Royal Albatross

Eastern curlew

Eastern Curlew








Another large collection we have is our collection of numismatics (coins and paper money) some date back to Roman times and even earlier. We are lucky to have a volunteer who is a specialises in numismatics and  is currently cataloguing our collection. As we move towards being a cashless society these small treasures will become increasingly scarce. Below are images of three particularly beautiful and rare coins.

Henry IV groat – c.1412 – 1413

Henry IV groat – c.1412 – 1413

Byzantine gold coin – 9th century Turkey featuring the Emperor Basil and his son Constantine on the obverse.

Byzantine gold coin – 9th century Turkey, featuring the Emperor Basil and his son Constantine on the obverse.

Byzantine coin reverse features Christ, his right hand raised in benediction and his left hand holding a book of gospels.

Byzantine coin reverse features Christ, his right hand raised in benediction and his left hand holding a book of gospels.

Small silver Roman coin featuring Antonius Pius c.138 AD – 161AD

Small silver Roman coin featuring Antonius Pius c.138 AD – 161AD









The textiles department houses a vast range of objects including carpets, tapa cloths, dresses, uniforms, flags, shoes, samplers, hats, bags, quilts, the list is endless.

Hartnell dressBritish designer Sir Norman Hartnell clothed three generations of Britain’s royalty. He is best known for the intricate and lavishly decorated gowns he created for Queen Elizabeth II, the Queen Mother and Queen Mary. This 1930’s dress is of light gold satin-backed crepe with narrow shoulder straps and a “V” neck at both front and back. There are four wide horizontal alternating crepe and satin bands from bust to knee. The left side has a placket opening. The centre back has a pleated satin insertion which drops down to become part of a full sunray panel from knee to ankle.

Rangitikei Rifles jacketRangitikei Mounted Rifles Bandsman’s jacket; red with navy blue stand-up collar and cuffs; fringed epaulettes with white braid decorated with red crowns; same braid on collar, cuffs, down sleeves and back seams.



German Samoa flagThe flag of German Samoa features three bands of black, white and red, from top to bottom. The German eagle surmounted by a crown is set at centre. This flag was taken by New Zealand Armed Forces in Samoa in August 1914.

Wedding dress

This full-length sapphire-blue silk wedding gown is lined in natural fine cotton. It has a piped stand-up collar of matching cotton sateen. The bodice has a centre-front opening with 26 metal hooks and thread loops. It also has dart shaping from hip to bust, with whalebone inserted between waist and bust line.


CorsetThe B.G. Celebrated Corset, worn in about 1895, has fourteen pairs of baleen or “whale bone” stays. This fully-boned corset is made from grey-banded  twill weave cotton with ecru Broderie Anglaise trim and finished with decorative  top stitching. Five metal  loops and studs at the centre front closure, called the busk  board,  fasten the corset around the wearer. Nineteen pairs of metal eyelets at the centre back are the anchors for lacing the corset tightly to create a fashionable hour-glass figure.This is the original meaning of “straight-laced’’. Each half is constructed of six shaped panels. The whale bone reinforcing is sewn on the outside.


We are also lucky to have a volunteer that is cataloguing our armaments collection which includes guns, knives and swords. He is also cataloguing medals and militaria.

Imperial Service OrderImperial Service Order – badge and case. The Imperial Service Order was instituted in 1902 to recognise long and meritorious service by senior civil servants. Gold centre piece with royal insignia, surrounded by 7-pointed star, topped with crown and suspended by red ribbon with blue centre running vertically down middle. Wood case with purple velvet lining.


Blunderbus, 11 bore, 0.700 caliber, single barrel, muzzle loading, flintock action. Brass barrel with folding bayonet. London and Birmingham proof marks, black powder G.M. inventor. Known as a “Coaching Blunderbus” and used to protect stagecoaches, no military significance.  The blunderbuss was a flintlock weapon used by travellers and farmers in defence of property. Its usual ammunition was lead balls, if the balls were in short supply, stones or nails could be used. The short, flared barrel made it very inaccurate and unwieldy, giving the weapon a shotgun-type effect which could hit many targets at once or none at all. They were used from the 17th to the 19th century. The name blunderbuss comes from the Dutch donder bus which can be translated as ‘thunder-pipe’.

Gun cleaning kitGun cleaning spare part kit for a Bren Mg MK1 303 machine gun.  Kit comprised a khaki canvas roll up kit, shoulder strap attached comprising 4 pouches, 3 with buckled flaps, one as pocket, with the centre third closing with 2 external buckles, and contained: 2m length twine with brass end for cleaning barrel, a metal canister containing brush attached to lid, a metal  spanner, a metal container containing wire mesh 6×3.5cm, alum keys on ring, and 1 large spring 8 x 1cm, 2 small springs, 3 unidentified metal objects.


Check back in next week for more Images of a Museum Collection, but if you can’t wait until then take a look at the collections uploaded to our website.